Extremadura is an autonomous community of Spain located in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula, on the border with Portugal. The territory is divided into two provinces: Cáceres (in the north) and Badajoz (in the south).
Extremadura has a long history. In fact, there are prehistoric vestiges of human activity in Maltravieso's cave or the dolmens of the region of Valencia de Alcántara that date more than 4.000 years. More recent are the remains left by the Romans and other tribes that crossed these lands or settled here leaving evidence of their presence and providing the rich cultural historical and artistic heritage that represent the architectural ensembles of Cáceres, Mérida,
Guadalupe, besides other important urban nucleus like Trujillo, Plasencia, Zafra or Jerez de los Caballeros. The variety of the geographical relief, the differences in altitude and the climatic nuances allow the development of a rich vegetation, amongst which we can distinguish chestnut­trees, oaks, strawberry trees, heathers... in the mountainous areas; in the great plains the most representative landscape is pasture land scattered with holm oaks and cork oaks.
As for the natural environment, it is necessary to mention Monfragüe National Park, an example of Mediterranean biodiversity declared Zone of Special Protection for Birds and Biosphere Reserve. Other spaces of special environmental interest are the nature reserve of Garganta de los Infiernos, los Barruecos, los Llanos de Cáceres, the mountain range of San Pedro...
This abundance of natural resources serves to promote rural tourism initiatives all over our geography. This, together with agriculture and cattle farming are the most important economic activities of the Region. Prominent amongst these are the horticultural sector, the olive grooves, the grapevines, sheep and pig breeding; they provide a dynamic agroindustry and the establishment of designations of origin such as "Ribera del Guadiana".